Darjeeling

Introduction to Darjeeling

Darjeeling is a citiy belonging to the state of West Bengal, India. 

The city got its highest time thanks to the powerful British Empire which used the tows to grow tea plantations. Nowadays,Darjeeling is internationally known for its tea.


History
Belonging originally to the Kingdom of Sikkim, Darjeeling was annexed by Nepal after invasion of Sikkim by this country.
In 1817, Sikkim and British India signed a treaty that get back the city to its former owner.

In 1890, after annexation of Sikkim by British India, Darjeeling also became part of India.
In 1947, when India became independant, the town merged with the state of West Bengal.

Geography
The city settles in a hilly region, Darjeeling lays at 2050 meters.


People
The majority of the population has a Nepali background from the Gorkha ethnic group (Limbu, Rai, Newar, Lepcha, Sherpa). Other communities that inhabit Darjeeling and Kalimpong include the Bengali, Anglo-Indians, Chinese, Bihari and Tibetans.
The most commonly spoken languages are Nepali, Bengali and English.
Hinduism is the largest religion followed by Buddhism and Christianity.


Climate
The city of Darjeeling has a temperate climate. Monsoon prevails from late-June to early-September with an annual level of precipitation of 310 cm.

Temperatures (°C)

Minimum

Maximum

Summer

8

23

Winter

-1

12

 

Special Permits
No special permit is required for either travelling or trekking inside Darjeeling area, except a valid Indian visa.